Cavities are caused when sugars/carbohydrates in the food we eat are digested by the bacteria in our mouths, which than produce an acid that will eat away at the hard, outer layer of your teeth. If this process happens repetitively, a small hole will form. Different factors will affect at what rate the hole increases in size.


To maintain good oral health, it is important for your child to have a balanced diet. To help prevent dental caries, the servings of sugars and starches should be limited. Since a lot of children prefer these foods, it is important for parents to shop smart, that is; do not routinely stock your pantry with sugary or starchy snacks.


Frequent snacking on sweets cause teeth to be continuously bathed in the acids produced by the bacteria inside the mouth. Set times when your child can have a treat. Immediately after a meal is the best time, as there is a better flow of saliva to help wash away foods. Make sure you offer healthy snacks like vegetables and fruits.


Cheese is also a great snack especially because it buffers the acids produced by oral bacteria and helps to strengthen areas of early tooth decay. Frequent drinking of any sweet drinks such as juices (EVEN DILUTED with water) or others such as chocolate milk should be limited to ONCE a day since they will also increase the risk of tooth decay. Always remember that water is the beverage of choice between meals.